To inform audiences about the achievements and impact of Indigenous leadership and leaders, the Ecotrust Indigenous Leadership Program has organized a series of four educational briefings that examine the theme Indigenous Leadership: Ensuring a Future for Native Peoples, Cultures, and Lands.
Through a series of four hour-long, online gatherings eight tribal leaders from across the Pacific Northwest will provide the historical context of issues tribal communities have confronted over time and the ways Native leaders responded. Learn about little-known eras, issues, and subjects, all from an Indigenous perspective, and about the impact of Indigenous leadership on the well-being of tribal communities and beyond.
- Speakers: Roberta (Bobbie) Conner and W. Ron Allen
- Wednesday, December 15, 2021
- Speakers: Ed Ben and Bud Lane
- Wednesday, January 19, 2022
- Speakers: Joe Nelson and Nicole Borromeo
- Wednesday, February 16, 2022
- Speakers: Robert (Bob) Miller and David Tovey
- Wednesday, March 16, 2022
This inaugural briefing series serves as the run-up to the 2022 Indigenous Leadership Awards, an annual event that celebrates Indigenous determination and survival.Everyone who is interested in learning more about Indigenous leadership and peoples is welcome to participate. Policymakers, decision-makers, agency representatives, funders, teachers, students, and legislators are encouraged to attend.Faced with near-constant threats on their sovereignty, cultures, and ways of life, in addition to the theft of their lands and waters, Indigenous leaders through the ages have guided their communities and dedicated themselves to ensuring their collective future. The work and impact of tribal leaders are models of vision and courage. Read more about each segment of the series below, and RSVP for one or all of these illuminating events.
Negotiating a Future: Indigenous Leadership through the Ages
Wednesday, December 15, 2021
In the mid-1800s, many Northwest tribes signed treaties to reserve an area of their traditional homeland for their perpetual use. Using the Walla Walla Treaty Council as the setting, Roberta “Bobbie” Conner (Nez Perce/Cayuse) will explore the circumstances and significance of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation’s Treaty of 1855. What happened at the Treaty Council? Who was there? What was said? And, most important of all, what did tribal leaders of the 1850s have to consider and negotiate to ensure a future for their people? Next, W. Ron Allen (Jamestown S’Klallam) will discuss the challenges Indigenous leaders have faced over time, the current issues, and what the future might hold for tribal nations.
For more resources, please see the links below.
Roberta “Bobbie” Conner is the executive director of the Tamástslikt Cultural Institute, the award-winning museum and research institute of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation near Pendleton, Oregon. Bobbie is a leader in the national museum community, a noted historian, and committed horsewoman. She was the 2007 ILA Awardee.
W. Ron Allen is the CEO of the Jamestown S’Klallam Tribe, which is located on the Olympic Peninsula in Washington state. He is a past president of the National Congress of American Indians and the Affiliated Tribes of Northwest Indians. Ron has served on numerous federal and state advisory boards, covering a multitude of issues important to Native peoples. Ron was the 2005 ILA Awardee.
In honor of Ron, please consider supporting the Jamestown Dungeness River Audubon Center.
Termination: The Attempt to Destroy and the Rebuilding of the Siletz Tribes
Wednesday, January 19, 2022
The federal policy known as Termination was one of the most destructive policies ever initiated by the United States Congress. Passed in 1953 and signed by President Harry Truman, Termination was intended to end tribal rights as sovereign nations and completely dispossess tribes of their lands. Ed Ben (Siletz) will offer his first-hand account of the reactions and actions of the Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians as Termination was forced upon them. Our second speaker, Bud Lane (Siletz), will discuss the impacts of Termination and the tribes’ efforts to rebuild itself over 44 years to become a vibrant, culturally-focused sovereign nation once again.
For more resources, please see the links below.
- “The People Are Dancing Again: The History of the Siletz Tribe of Western Oregon” by Charles Wilkinson for a more in-depth look of the Confederated Tribes of the Siletz Indians perseverance, survival and revitalization efforts.
- The Confederated Tribes of the Siletz Indians website for more information on Siletz history and contemporary projects.
- “An Indigenous Peoples’ History of the United States” by Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz for more information about the eras of termination and restoration.
A Navy veteran who served in World War II, Ed Ben was actively involved in the Tribes’ restoration efforts after the Termination Act passed and was elected to the first tribal council post-Restoration. Now an elder at age 93, and following in the footsteps of his father, Archie, Mr. Ben continues to pass on his historical, cultural, and language knowledge about the Tribes to younger generations.
Alfred “Bud” Lane III is the current vice-chairman of the Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians Tribal Council, a position he has held off and on since 1987. He is a knowledge holder and teacher of the Athabaskan language and culture bearer of Siletz traditions and basketry. Siletz children and adults are learning the language, songs, and dances of their ancestors through Bud. He is a 2007 ILA Honoree.
In honor of Ed and Bud, please consider supporting the Siletz Tribal Arts & Heritage Society and the Northwest Native American Basketweavers Association.
The Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act: Impacts on Alaska Native Communities
Wednesday, February 16, 2022
In all of Native American affairs in the United States, the relationship between Alaska Native communities and the federal government is one of the least understood by the mainstream. The passage of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act of 1971 (ANCSA) created a new structure and relationships, distinct from the reservation system of the Lower 48. In this briefing, Joe Nelson (Tlingit) will discuss the situation leading up to the passage of the ANCSA, the structures it created, and how Alaska Native leaders responded. Then, Nicole Borromeo (Athabaskan) will describe the contemporary landscape of ANCSA and considerations for the future.
For more resources, please see the links below.
Nicole Borromeo is the executive vice president and general counsel of the Alaska Federation of Natives. AFN’s membership includes 168 federally recognized tribes, 166 village corporations, 8 regional corporations, and 12 regional nonprofit and tribal consortiums that contract and compact to run federal and state programs. Ms. Borromeo received her law degree from University of Washington School of Law and is a Doyon shareholder.
Joe Nelson is the current board chair of Sealaska, a for-profit Alaska Native corporation owned by more than 23,000 Tlingit, Haida, and Tsimshian shareholders. A former commercial fisherman and an attorney by profession, Mr. Nelson works with Sealaska’s leadership and stakeholders to strengthen Alaska Native communities, culture, and land. Mr. Nelson also serves as the co-chair of the Alaska Federation of Natives (AFN), the largest statewide Native organization working to enhance and promote the cultural, economic, and political voice of the Alaska Native community.
Breaking the Chains: Transformative Federal Legislation and Tribal Peoples
Wednesday, March 16, 2022
Federal legislation passed in the 1970s and 1980s transformed the relationship between Native American tribes and the U.S. Government, shifting from a colonialist, paternalistic approach to one that recognized the sovereignty of tribal nations. Law professor Robert Miller (Eastern Shawnee) will provide the history and context of some of the groundbreaking laws that finally protected many of the sovereign rights of tribes and established new ways to work with the federal government. Next, Dave Tovey (Cayuse/Joseph Band Nez Perce) will examine one piece of legislation passed during this era that brought profound economic and social change to some tribes, the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act.
For more resources on the Indian Self-Determination Act and Indigenous resilience from our speaker Robert Miller, please see the list below:
- Blood Struggle: The Rise of Modern Indian Nations by Charles Wilkinson (2006)
- Native America, Discovered and Conquered: Thomas Jefferson, Lewis & Clark, and Manifest Destiny by Robert Miller (2008)
- Reservation “Capitalism:” Economic Development in Indian Country by Robert Miller (2013)
- Sovereign Resilience: Reviving Private Sector Economic Institutions in Indian Country by Robert Miller (2019)
Robert J. Miller is a professor of law at the Sandra Day O’Connor School of Law at Arizona State University in Tempe. His areas of expertise include Federal Indian Law, American Indians and international law, American Indian economic development, Native American natural resources, and Civil Procedure. He is a noted author of numerous books that deepen the understanding of American Indian relations, history, and law from colonial times to the present.
Dave Tovey has a wealth of experience in tribal economic development. He is currently the executive director of the Nixyáawii Community Financial Services, a Native CDFI on the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation that provides loans, homeownership guidance, and financial management assistance. In addition, Dave has served in top executive roles with the Siletz Tribal Business Corporation, Cayuse Technologies, and the Coquille Indian Tribe. He currently serves as the board president of the Affiliated Tribes of Northwest Indians Economic Development Corporation (ATNI-EDC).
Top image: A beach in Yakutat, Alaska, by Bethany Goodrich. Images of the briefings speakers, courtesy of the speakers.